GPR83 gene (Total 1237938 Papers Found)

Ticks and tick-borne diseases are of global importance and can cause serious economic losses to cattle-raising businesses. However, only few attempts have been made to describe the relationships between various cellular immune components and tick counts of, and therefore resistance to, Rhipicephalus microplus. The present study evaluated the late inflammatory cellular response and dermal dendritic cells at the attachment site in naturally presensitized bovines, artificially infested by R. microp ...
This experiment compared insulin sensitivity, milk production, and reproductive outcomes in dairy cows consuming excessive energy during mid to late lactation and receiving in a 2 × 2 factorial design (1) concentrate based on ground corn (CRN; n = 20) or including 8% (DM basis) of Ca salts of palm oil (CSPO; n = 20), and (2) supplemented (n = 20) or not (n = 20) with 2.5 g/d of Cr-propionate. During the experiment (d 0-203), 40 multiparous, nonpregnant, lactating 3/4 Holstein × 1/4 Gir cows (i ...
Fresh semen ejaculates collected from 56 cow bulls of different breed during three different seasons (summer, rainy and winter of the year) were subjected to bacteriological examination. Total viable bacterial count of fresh semen was determined using standard plate count method and result expressed as mean (±SEM) CFU/ml of semen. Signifi cantly (P<0.05) higher bacterial load (33571 ± 3842 CFU/ml) in bovine semen was reported during rainy season as compared to summer and winter season. Duri ...
A clinical study on recurrent genital prolapsed and its management in Gir cows was carried out in Saurashtra region of Gujarat. A clinical survey was conducted at different Gaushalas in Saurashtra region of Gujarat to record clinical details of genital prolapse in Gir cows. Total 1470 cows were surveyed and amongst them 93 cows were found to be affected with genital prolapse. The incidence rate of genital prolapse was 6.32 per cent. Cases falling under the 3rd and 4th degree were treated with th ...
Most recently, we have described the G-protein coupled receptor 83 (GPR83), which is highly expressed by CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) to be involved in the induction of CD4+Foxp3+ Tregs in the course of an ongoing immune response. Four GPR83 isoforms have been described. Here, we have shown that GPR83 isoform-4, which differs from GPR83 isoform-1 by 20 additional aminoacids in the second cytoplasmatic loop, is predominantly expressed by Tregs. Interestingly, GPR83 isoform-4 but not GPR83 ...
The seasonal variation of the tick Boophilus microplus in the `Regiaõ Metalúrgica' region of Minas Gerais state was studied using 26 Bos taurus (Holstein)×Bos indicus (Gir) calves, of which 16 animals were 3/4 Holstein×1/4 Gir and 10 were 3/4 Gir×1/4 Holstein. Monthly tick counts were made between March 1996 and March 1998 and, although B. microplus infestations occurred throughout the year, they were greater during the rainy season. Rainfall was the climatic factor that most affected the s ...
More than 95 % of Brazil’s beef production occurs in pastures where parasitic helminths are a serious problem, potentially inhibiting an average annual weight gain of 8 kg per young animal. Current pharmaceutical treatments for parasitic infestation are expensive (estimated to cost Brazil 370 million U.S. dollars per year) and sometimes inefficient due to rapid adaptation of worms to new drugs. The presence of trees in pastures (silvopasture) has proven to be environmentally beneficial, but ...
BACKGROUND Few data exist that have compared sulfonylurea formulations in differing ethnic populations. Most studies of sulfonylureas have been performed in white patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and tolerability of a sustained-release glipizide (GSR) formulation with those of immediate-release glipizide (GIR) in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS This randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, placebo-contr ...
Nelore and Gir are the two most important indicine cattle breeds for production of beef and milk in Brazil. Historical records state that these breeds were introduced in Brazil from the Indian subcontinent, crossed to local taurine cattle in order to quickly increase the population size, and then backcrossed to the original breeds to recover indicine adaptive and productive traits. Previous investigations based on sparse DNA markers detected taurine admixture in these breeds. High-density genome ...
Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of carbohydrate source and processing on serum progesterone (P4) and insulin concentrations of nonlactating dairy cows. In experiment 1, 12 ovariectomized grazing Gir x Holstein cows were stratified by body weight and body condition score, and randomly assigned to receive a supplement containing either finely ground corn or citrus pulp in a Latin square crossover design. Diets were fed individually, twice daily at a rate of 10.9 kg of dry ...
Diversity within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) reflects the immunological fitness of a population. MHC-linked microsatellite markers provide a simple and an inexpensive method for studying MHC diversity in large-scale studies. We have developed 6 MHC-linked microsatellite markers in the domestic cat and used these, in conjunction with 5 neutral microsatellites, to assess MHC diversity in domestic mixed breed (n = 129) and purebred Burmese (n = 61) cat populations in Australia. The M ...
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of valsartan/amlodipine combination on insulin sensitivity in overweight-obese hypertensive patients. METHODS After a 4-week placebo period, 58 overweight-obese (BMI >or=25 kg/m(2)) patients, with mild to moderate essential hypertension (DBP >95 and <110 mmHg, SBP >140 mmHg) were treated with amlodipine 5 mg od or valsartan 160 mg od or amlodipine 5 mg plus valsartan 160 mg od for 8 weeks according to a randomized, open-labe ...
The hemispherical soft scale, Saissetia coffeae (Walker) (Homoptera: Coccidae), is one of the most important pests attacking olive trees in Egypt. During the period 2001–2003, a total of about 300,000 individuals of the parasitoid Coccophagus cowperi Girault (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae), obtained from India, was released at 35 sites for the biological control of S.coffeae on olive trees in Egypt. The maximum parasitism rates reached 53 and 62%, while average parasitism rates were 17.2 and 30.8% ...
Ionizing radiation (IR) induces genotoxic stress that triggers adaptive cellular responses, such as activation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling cascade. Pluripotent cells are the most important population affected by IR because they are required for cellular replenishment. Despite the clear danger to large population centers, we still lack safe and effective therapies to abrogate the life-threatening effects of any accidental or intentional IR exposure. Therefore, we computa ...
Girolando (Gir x Holstein) is a very common dairy breed in Brazil because it combines the rusticity of Gir (Bos indicus) with the high milk yield of Holstein (Bos taurus). The ovarian follicular dynamics and hormonal treatments for synchronization of ovulation and timed artificial insemination were studied in Girolando heifers. The injection of a gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist was followed 6 or 7 days (d) later by prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha). Twenty-four hours after PGF2alp ...
The aim of this study was to investigate the follicular dynamics during estrous cycle in Gir breed (Bos indicus) cows. Follicular growth and atresia during estrous cycle were evaluated using a portable ultrasound device. Luteal activity was evaluated by serum progesterone levels. Cycles with two (6.67%), three (60.00%), four (26.67%) and five (6.67%) follicular waves were observed. There was no difference (P>0.05) in dominant or subordinate follicles growth or atresia rates among follicular w ...
The present study evaluated the use of sex-sorted sperm upon estrus detection (ED) or following timed artificial insemination (TAI) in lactating dairy cows. Additionally, the effect of the presence of a corpus luteum (CL) at the beginning of the TAI protocol was verified. Cows (539 crossbred Gir × Holstein and 87 Holstein) were classified according to the presence or absence of CL by ultrasonography exam. Cows with a CL were randomly assigned into one of two groups (CL-ED/AI or CL-TAI), and cow ...
BACKGROUND Rapid and complete reperfusion has been widely adopted in the treatment of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but this process sometimes can cause severe reperfusion injury. This study aimed to investigate different patterns of post-conditioning in acute myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury, and to detect the role of mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) during the injury. METHODS RATS WERE RANDOMLY DIVIDED INTO FIVE GROUPS: sham group, reperfusion injury (R/ I) gr ...
The Gir National Park and sanctuary is one of the seven protected areas selected for biodiversity conservation through the Eco-Development Project funded by the Global Environmental Facility and implemented by the World Bank. Together with forest conservation by the forest officials, simultaneously global efforts started towards conservation of the last refuge of Asiatic Lions. The prohibition of resource use and resettlement of people from the protected area were done to meet the need of nation ...
The effects of different dietary energy levels [100 and 170% for maintenance (M) and high energy (1.7M), respectively] on metabolic, endocrine, and reproductive parameters were evaluated in nonlactating Bos indicus (Gir; n=14) and Bos taurus (Holstein; n=14) cows submitted to ultrasound-guided ovum pick-up followed by in vitro embryo production. The oocyte donor cows were housed in a tiestall system and fed twice daily (0800 and 1600 h). Twenty-one days before the beginning of the experiment, th ...
The aim of this study was to screen for variability in the luteinizing hormone/choriogonadotropin receptor (LHCGR) and to determine the occurrence of LHCGR mRNA isoforms in two dairy breeds of cattle. Granulosa cells from dominant ovarian follicles were recovered from 16 Gir and 16 Holstein cows, and total RNA was extracted. Complementary DNA was synthesized and PCR was used to generate amplicons for sequencing. Chromatograms were evaluated, and multiple sequences were aligned and analyzed for t ...
Studies were conducted into 80 pregnant crossbred cows belonging in equal numbers to 1/2Friesian (F) 1/2Gir (G) and 1/2Jersey (J) 1/2G genetic groups to determine the effect of pregnancy on body weight (B.W.) and pelvic conformation of the dam. Mean B.W. started to increase in 1/2F1/2G/1/2J1/2G genetic groups from 406.08 +/- 6.16/375.45 +/- 7.73 kg on the 120th day of pregnancy and reached its maximum of 470.42 +/- 7.22/428.05 +/- 8.36 kg on the day of calving. A significant increase in weight o ...
In cattle, sex selection has a significant economic impact when it improves herd capacity of milk or meat production. Density gradient centrifugation might be an approach to sexing spermatozoa because of the additional DNA content and volume of X-bearing sperm head. In the present work, the accuracy of sperm sexing by PercollTM and OptiPrep gradients centrifugation was compared. Bovine semen from three breeds (Holstein, Gir, and Red Angus) was used. The sperm viability and sexing accuracy after ...
The performance was compared of cows sired by Holstein, Jersey or Brown Swiss bulls out of Holstein-Friesian×Gir dams of 1/2 to 3/4 Holstein-Friesian content. The animals were kept in a single herd under the same management. The data were analysed by least-squares techniques under a model that included the fixed effects of breed of sire, Bos taurus fraction of the dam, parity, year and season of calving, and a random cow effect. Based on 480 observations, the milk yields per lactation for the H ...
Intracellular recordings were made from rat locus coeruleus neurons in vitro, and membrane currents were measured at potentials from -50 to -130 mV. In the absence of any applied agonists, the slope conductance of the cells increased 3-fold when the cell was hyperpolarized from -60 to -120 mV. This conductance increase was complete within 5 msec of the onset of a hyperpolarizing command and was subsequently independent of time for several seconds. The conductance increase was blocked by cesium c ...
High levels of some but not all dietary fats lead to insulin resistance in rats. The aim of this study was to investigate the important determinants underlying this observation. Insulin action was assessed with the euglycemic clamp. Diets high in saturated, monounsaturated (omega-9), or polyunsaturated (omega-6) fatty acids led to severe insulin resistance; glucose infusion rates [GIR] to maintain euglycemia at approximately 1000 pM insulin were 6.2 +/- 0.9, 8.9 +/- 0.9, and 9.7 +/- 0.4 mg.kg-1. ...
Present study was done on organized college farm. The objective of the study was to compare the efficacy of Cosynch and Ovsynch estrus synchronization protocols on fertility in repeat breeder Gir cows. A total of 18 repeat breeder cows were randomly divided in to Co synvh, Ovsynch and control group. group (n=6) Gir cows received (Cosynch protocols) wherein, first dose of Busrelin on day zero, irrespective of stage of estrous cycle followed by Cloprostenol on 7 th day and second dose of Busrelin ...
The objectives of this study were to assess the gestational, periparturient and preweaning growth traits of Holstein vs Gir × Holstein (G × H F1) crossbred dairy calves. Holstein cows (n=64) pregnant with Holstein (H × H) calves (bulls, n=16; heifers, n=18) or G × H (bulls, n=8; heifers, n=22) calves were sampled from 60 days of gestation through calving for serum progesterone (P4) and in utero placentome sizes, and at parturition for calving ease scores (CES), calf vigour scores (CVS), and ...
A study was conducted on 851 cows (Gir cows and their crossbreeds) between 1971 and 1984 at the Livestock Farm of the All India Coordinated Research Project on Cattle in Jabalpur, India. The cows were impregnated with frozen or fresh semen from 90 bulls and a total of 2699 pregnancies resulted. An overall incidence of prenatal mortality was recorded at 4.89%. A significantly higher (P / 0.01) incidence of prenatal mortality was encountered in three breed crosses in comparison with Gir cows and t ...
D S Kale*, D N Rank, C G Joshi 1 , B R Yadav 2 , P G Koringa, K M Thakkar, T C Tolenkhomba 2 and J V Solanki Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding and Department of Animal Biotechnology College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Anand Agricultural University, Anand 388 001, India Livestock Genome Analysis Laboratory, Dairy Cattle Breeding Division National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI), Karnal 132 001, India ...
BACKGROUND The modelling of lactation curve provides guidelines in formulating farm managerial practices in dairy cows. The aim of the present study was to determine the suitable non-linear model which most accurately fitted to lactation curves of five lactations in 134 Gir crossbred cows reared in Research-Cum-Development Project (RCDP) on Cattle farm, MPKV (Maharashtra). Four models viz. gamma-type function, quadratic model, mixed log function and Wilmink model were fitted to each lactation se ...
– The aim of this work was to evaluate the association between milk flow, teat morphological measurements and subclinical mastitis prevalence in Gir cows. Eighty cows in the 2nd and 3rd lactations, with 90 to 200 days of lactation, were divided according to milk flow during milking into fast or slow groups. Teat morphometry was assessed by ultrasound scanning of the right anterior teat and external measurements. Milk samples were collected for somatic cells count (SCC) and ...
Plant extracts have been proposed as substitutes for chemical feed additives due to their potential as rumen fermentation modifiers and because of their antimicrobial and antioxidant activities, possibly reducing methane emissions. This study aimed to evaluate the use of oregano (OR), green tea extracts (GT), and their association as feed additives on the performance and methane emissions from dairy between 28 and 87 d of lactation. Thirty-two lactating dairy cows, blocked into 2 genetic groups: ...
Two troops of grey langur monkeys (Presbytis entellus entellus) were observed in the Gir Forest, western India for approximately 220 hours in two of three seasons at very high crude densities ranging from 115–128 langurs per km2. Daily activity patterns and home range use are described and a scan-sampling technique of activity distribution employed. Food and predator avoidance are estimated to be major determinants of population density and home range size, structure, and composition. ...
Zebu (Bos indicus) is a domestic cattle species originating from the Indian subcontinent and now widely domesticated on several continents. In this study, we were particularly interested in understanding the functionally active rumen microbiota of an important Zebu breed, the Gir, under different dietary regimes. Metagenomic and metatranscriptomic data were compared at various taxonomic levels to elucidate the differential microbial population and its functional dynamics in Gir cattle rumen unde ...
Subsequent to the binding of insulin to the insulin receptor (IR), present at the cell surface of all the tissues studied so far, conformational change in IR leads to the activation of IR tyrosine kinase. However, the transducer of the signal from IR to its effector(s) is poorly understood, at best. Although GTP-binding proteins (G-proteins) have been implicated in insulin's metabolic actions, a G-protein that directly interacts with IR has not been identified. In the present study, a novel 66 k ...
In an attempt to determine the possible detrimental effects of continuous selection for milk yield on the genetic tolerance of Zebu cattle to heat stress, genetic parameters and trends of the response to heat stress for 86,950 test-day (TD) milk yield records from 14,670 first lactations of purebred dairy Gir cows were estimated. A random regression model with regression on days in milk (DIM) and temperature-humidity index (THI) values was applied to the data. The most detrimental effect of THI ...
The objective was to determine the accuracy of a pregnancy test for predicting nonpregnant cattle based on the evaluation of corpus luteum (CL) blood flow at 20 d (CLBF-d20) after timed artificial insemination (TAI). Crossbred Holstein-Gir dairy heifers (n=209) and lactating cows (n=317) were synchronized for TAI using the following protocol: intravaginal implant (1.0 g of progesterone) and 2mg of estradiol benzoate i.m. on d -10, implant removal and 0.526 mg of sodium cloprostenol i.m. on d -2, ...
Livestock populations in protected areas are viewed negatively because of their interaction with native ungulates through direct competition for food resources. However, livestock and native prey can also interact indirectly through their shared predator. Indirect interactions between two prey species occur when one prey modifies either the functional or numerical responses of a shared predator. This interaction is often manifested as negative effects (apparent competition) on one or both prey s ...
Postpartum udder characteristics, aged mouth condition scores, and cow survival, longevity, and productivity were evaluated for 15 yr on F1 cows in central Texas (temperate winters and subtropical summers). The cows (n = 116) were progeny of Angus, Gray Brahman, Gir, Indu-Brazil, Nellore, and Red Brahman sires and Hereford dams. Crossbred cows sired by Nellore had smaller (P < 0.05) postpartum teat length than cows of all other crossbred groups and smaller (P < 0.10) postpartum teat diamet ...
This paper intends to present a new conceptual framework for a modern GIR system as well as its related key technologies. In this research paper, existing GIR systems were surveyed and compared to find out the challenges we are facing in GIR and corresponding research needs in the future. New ideas on how to solve these existing problems are proposed in this paper, including a new system framework and promising key technologies. In addition, recent progress and hot technologies in geographical i ...
The aim of the present study was to characterise the roles of intrafollicular oestradiol production and granulosa cell (GC) expression of the LH receptor (LHR) gene and its isoforms during follicular deviation in Bos indicus. Follicular wave emergence was synchronised in heifers from a Bos taurus dairy (Holstein; n=10) and a B. indicus dairy breed (Gir; n=10). Follicles were aspirated individually at sizes corresponding to the periods of predeviation, deviation and postdeviation. Intrafollicular ...
Asiatic lions (Panthera leo persica), whose only natural habitat in the world is the Gir forest sanctuary of Gujarat State in India, are highly endangered and are considered to be highly inbred with narrow genetic diversity. An objective assessment of genetic diversity in their immune loci will help in assessing their survivability and may provide vital clues in designing strategies for their scientific management and conservation. We analyzed the comparative sequence polymorphism at exon 2 and ...
Zebu breeds play an important role in cattle production systems in Brazil. To assess the genetic variability from animals in the Herd Books of Nelore, Gir and Guzerat breeds, generation intervals, inbreeding, effective population size and parameters of gene origin (effective number of founders, ancestors and founder genomes) were calculated using pedigree records from 1938 to 1998. Breed subdivision was quantified by Wright's F-statistics. Calculations were separately carried out for consecutive ...